Better without AI
How to avert a moderate apocalypse... and create a future we would like
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Comments are for the page: Stop obstructing scientific progress!
I could go on and on about this as it is something I’ve thought about a lot. I note that during the medieval era the Catholic Church was the institutional center of intellectual life in Europe. It had the universities and the scriptoria. Along comes the Reformation and the scientific revolution and new institutions took over, most obviously secular colleges and universities. The Catholic Church hasn’t disappeared, it it still has its universities. But they are no longer the leading intellectual institutions.
We’re now undergoing a major restructuring of our institutions. Will the current university system survive long-term or will new institutions arise?
You might want to take a look a working paper I sent to Tyler Cowen: Stagnation and Beyond: Economic growth and the cost of knowledge in a complex world. Here’s the abstract:
What economists have identified as stagnation over the last few decades can also be interpreted as the cost of continuing successful engagement with a complex world that is not set up to serve human interests. Two arguments: 1) The core argument holds that elasticity (ß) in the production function for economic growth is best interpreted as a function of the interaction between the economic entity (firm, industry, the economy as a whole) and particular aspects the larger world: physical scale in the case of semi-conductor development, biological organization in the case of drug discovery. 2) A larger argument interprets current stagnation as the shoulder of a growth curve in the evolution of culture through a succession of fundamental stages in underlying cognitive architecture. New stages develop over old through a process of reflective abstraction (Piaget) in which the mechanisms of earlier stages become objects for manipulation and deployment for the emerging stage.
Thank you—that looks very interesting!
As important as a few individuals like Galileo were, science only became an unstoppable enterprise within a few decades due to one particular scenius the Royal Philosophical Society founded around 1660. It promoted science as the business of an international community, had regular meetings in which experiments were replicated, founded the first scientific journal, which accepted papers from all over Europe and translated them into English. Mostly the scientists it drew together published short papers in the Transactions of the Royal Society, which promoted collaborative science and discouraged theories based on book-length a priori arguments. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek developed microbiology, though he only wrote letters to the Royal Society with pictures of what he observed, and they were translated and turned into articles by members of the society.
General principles were sought, and within a short time, experiments with air pressure, temperature, and volume, and their relationships set in train the discovery of oxygen, and the ideas of atoms and elements. Though the understanding of what they were was vague, it was refined over about two centuries until a relationship between locations within a periodical table of atomic weights and what other elements they could combine with
Newton, and other mathematicians around this time, of a quality not seen before may have been the first writers to really succeed at writing theories based on book-length a priori arguments, and Newton was an early president of the Royal Society.
BTW this argument that the Royal Society largely gave birth to modern science has been around for quite a while, but has recently been put into beautiful form in Seeing Further: The Story of Science & the Royal Society, edited by Bill Bryson
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